How Do You Treat Burning Urine?
Burning urination or painful urination is also referred to as dysuria. It is a symptom of pain, discomfort, or burning when urine is being expelled from the bladder. The symptoms may be constant or variable and may improve or worsen depending on body function and movement. The pain may be described as a raw sensation or a stinging feeling and can range in intensity from mild to severe. Urinary burning may be accompanied by pain or difficulty when urinating (dysuria), feeling a constant need to urinate (urgency), or blood in the urine (hematuria). Men and women of any age can experience dysuria, but it’s more common in women. Urinary tract infections are commonly associated with dysuria. Dysuria is not a diagnosis. It’s a sign or symptom of an underlying health problem.
Symptoms of painful urination can vary between men and women, but both genders usually describe it as burning, stinging, or itching. Burning is the most commonly reported symptom. Pain can occur at the start of urination or after urination. Pain at the start of your urination is often a symptom of a urinary tract infection. Pain after your urination can be a sign of a problem with the bladder or prostate. In men, pain can remain in your penis before and after urination too.
What Causes Painful Urination?
Several conditions can cause painful urination (dysuria). In women, urinary tract infections are a common cause of painful urination. In men, urethritis and certain prostate conditions are frequent causes of a painful urination.
Medical conditions and external factors that can cause painful urination to include:
- Bladder stones
- Cystitis (bladder inflammation)
- Drugs such as those used in cancer treatment, that have bladder irritation as a side effect
- Having a recent urinary tract procedure performed, including the use of urologic instruments for testing or treatment.
- Kidney infection (pyelonephritis)
- Kidney stones: In some cases, kidney stones can cause a burning feeling after urinating. A kidney stone can block the urethra and create a buildup of urine. Small kidney stones pass out of the body in the urine, and this can be painful. Possible causes of kidney stones include too much salt and sugar in the diet, obesity, and not drinking enough water.
- Prostatitis: It is an inflammation of the prostate gland, affects males and can be painful. A bacterial infection is a possible cause, but injury, muscle tension, or prostate stones can also be responsible for prostatitis. An injury or infection can cause swelling around the prostate that can affect the nerves and lead to pain.
- Sexually transmitted infections: (STIs): Sexually transmitted infections such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, and herpes, can all affect the urinary tract and lead to pain when urinating.
- Urethral stricture (narrowing of the urethra): Urethral stricture disease is more common in males because they have a longer urethra than females. Alongside a burning feeling, the most obvious symptom is a reduction in the flow of urine. The problem usually goes away after an injury has healed, or the person has received treatment for an STI. Otherwise, surgery may be necessary to stretch the stricture.
- Urethritis (infection of the urethra)
- Urinary tract infection (UTI): A urinary tract infection (UTI) occurs when excess bacteria build up somewhere in the urinary tract. This part of the body runs from the kidneys to the bladder to the urethra, which carries urine toward the outside of the body.
- Vaginitis: Also known as vaginosis, a vaginal infection can occur due to the overgrowth of bacteria or yeast. An STI called trichomoniasis can also cause a vaginal infection.
- Yeast infection (vaginal)
- Painful bladder syndrome: Painful bladder syndrome is a condition that causes chronic pain, often without a clear cause. It can occur alongside other long-term conditions, such as fibromyalgia, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), or vulvodynia. It is more common in females than in males. As well as a burning feeling after urinating, other symptoms include bladder pain, a tender pelvic region, and the need to urinate more often.
- Ovarian cysts: Much like kidney stones, ovarian cysts are examples of how something outside the bladder can press on it and cause painful urination. Ovarian cysts can develop on one or both ovaries, which sit on either side of the bladder.
- Interstitial cystitis: Also known as bladder pain syndrome, interstitial cystitis is a condition that causes chronic irritation of the bladder lasting six weeks or more without an underlying infection.
- Chemical sensitivity: Sometimes, chemicals that are external to the body, such as fragrances, can irritate bodily tissues. When a person urinates, this irritation may be more noticeable, and pain may occur. Products that can cause chemical sensitivity include douches, soaps, scented toilet paper, vaginal lubricants, contraceptive foams.
- Medication: Some medications, including those that doctors prescribe to treat bladder cancer, may irritate and inflame the bladder tissues. This can often cause pain when urinating.
How Does Dehydration and Painful Urination Correlate With One Another?
Not having enough fluid in your body will lead to concentrated urine; this can irritate the bladder and can also lead to a risk of a urinary tract infection. Symptoms of a UTI include a burning sensation when urinating, the feeling of being unable to empty your bladder, pain in your lower abdomen or pelvis. When you don’t hydrate, your urine gets concentrated and can aggravate the bladder lining. While it’s good to keep up on your water intake daily if you notice that you have bladder or urinary pain because of dehydration. Loading up on water can dilute the urine and relieve some of the irritation.
How Long Does Painful Urination Last?
Dysuria is the feeling of pain or burning in the urethra when passing urine. Dysuria can be caused by anything that irritates or inflames the urethra. An infection or chemical irritation can cause this reaction. A bladder infection is the most common cause of dysuria in adults which can be treated with antibiotic treatment. Soaps, lotions, colognes, and feminine hygiene products can cause dysuria. So can birth control jellies, creams, and foams. It will go away in one to three days after using these irritants. Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) such as chlamydia or gonorrhea, can cause dysuria. Your provider may start you on antibiotic medicine before the culture test returns. In women who have gone through menopause, dysuria can be from dryness in the lining of the urethra. This can be treated with hormones. Dysuria becomes long-term (chronic) when it lasts for weeks or months. You may need to see a specialist (urologist) to diagnose and treat chronic dysuria. How long dysuria lasts depends on its cause. Most people with infections of the urinary tract respond well to treatment within a few days. When the cause is more difficult to determine, symptoms may last longer.
Treatment for Painful Urination
Treatment for dysuria depends on the cause of your pain/burning sensation. The first step in your treatment is to determine if your painful urination is caused by infection, inflammation, dietary factors, or a problem with your bladder or prostate. Urinary tract infections are most commonly treated with antibiotics. If your pain is severe, you may be prescribed phenazopyridine. Inflammation caused by irritation to the skin is usually treated by avoiding the cause of the irritant. Dysuria caused by an underlying bladder or prostate condition is treated by addressing the underlying condition. There are several other steps you can take to reduce the discomfort of painful urination, including drinking more water or taking an over-the-counter aid to treat painful urination. Other treatments need prescription medications. Vaginitis is typically treated with antibiotics, and yeast infections are often treated with antifungal medication. If you have a severe kidney infection (pyelonephritis), your doctor may administer antibiotics intravenously before eventually treating you with antibiotic pills or capsules.
Your doctor may also give you recommendations to help reduce the level of pain, which can include drinking more fluids, taking over-the-counter medication, or changing dietary habits—avoiding the use of harsh soaps or other chemical products near the genitals that could potentially lead to irritation. A person’s symptoms will often resolve quickly when chemical irritation is the underlying cause. At-home care for painful urination often includes taking OTC anti-inflammatory medications, such as ibuprofen. A doctor will often encourage a person to drink more fluids as this dilutes urine, making it less painful to pass. Resting and taking medications as treatment for painful urination will differ depending on the cause of the discomfort.
Thus a good lifestyle, proper treatment, and prevention will help you get some relief. Painful urination may be a cause of utter discomfort and unease, but with all the necessary directions when followed as per a doctor’s advice with some basic lifestyle changes can be helpful. Painful urination can be a cause of an underlying disease; therefore consulting a doctor if the pain and burn persist is necessary. Hopefully, this article acted as a good guide and gave some basic information regarding painful urination.